When Beginning Research

Academic Integrity

Definition: Ethical rules stipulating behavior not to engage in, such as not cheating in exams, plagiarism in research subjects and thesis studies, etc.


Academic Integrity: It is the declaration and acceptance that the person will adhere to the general principles of honesty, regardless of the position and label of the person in each of the processes of knowledge production, dissemination and measurement of information.


What are academic integrity violations ?

1. Engaging in plagiarism,
2. Copying other peoples work,
3. Presenting all or part of the work, homework or project done for another purpose, without reference to the different courses,
4. Providing non-existent sources as bibliography or creating a fake data set,
5. To perform academic studies on behalf of other students,
6. Displaying behavior in an effort to gain unfair advantage (obtaining a patient report without a real illness, declaring an unreal excuse for extension or compensation, transferring the right of a course in which he / she is enrolled to another person for benefit or obtaining the right to enroll in a course for profit, etc.),
7. To prepare and use fake documents (reference letter, health report, qualification certificate / score, transcript, etc.),
8. To attend an examination on behalf of someone else, or for someone else to attend an examination on your behalf.

Ways to Avoid Plagiarism

Restatement of an idea by changing the words does not make it an original idea. If you read research and then express it in new words as to how you have understood the main idea, it does not mean that you are creating new knowledge. Since you are expressing known information, you have to cite it and show it in the bibliography.


Repeating an idea and adding an original idea to the end is also not considered an original idea. You can infer what you read from a research. While the implications are yours, the basic ideas on which they are based are not yours. You have to cite and show it in the bibliography.


Studies made by combining different pieces from different works, regardless of whether they are big or small, is not research but a collage, and you should cite them in the bibliography.


Ask your librarian for support regarding the rules for citation and bibliography.


Begin your work early.


Make a note of your resources during your research and display them.


Make a note of your own ideas in a separate notebook.


Reference information from the same source each time it is used.


Even if you change the words from the source or you summarize it, you must still cite it.


You must cite each source.


You may think that when you do all this, your work will look like a compilation of other people's work. In order to use the sources correctly and to synthesize your own ideas and comments with source information, you need to:


Keep two separate notebooks for your own ideas and comments, as you receive them from separate sources,


Once you begin writing your own comment or opinions, use the information you get from the sources to support, explain or illustrate your own ideas, and take detailed notes of this.


Write transitional sentences, explanations or comments between the quotes you have made. For example, when writing definitions of a term by different authors, describe the differences or similarities between these definitions in your own words


Try to read the information in the sources with a critical eye. Describe the relationships you establish between the information in your own words.

Research and Access to Information

The steps to be followed while doing research;


Identifying the need for information: What resources do you need in relation to your research topic. Which of the materials such as e-books, movies, magazines etc. will be used and where to find them.


Determining the search strategy: which library, which resource or information center, remote access or ILL, is it possible to source the information from?


Use of advanced search features: carrying out specific searches with restrictive words such as and, or, and not, or the ability to use filtering tools such as year, material type and language


Finding and accessing information, choosing the information source: obtaining source access routes in accordance with the institution's publishing policies and copyrights.


Evaluation of the information source: How explanatory it is for the research subject, how much does it support or rebut the thesis?


Controlling the intensity of information: How much of the information obtained from the sources accessed, completely supports or refutes the thesis. How much does it meet the need specified in the first stage.


Termination of the research process: The collection of the information obtained in order to support or debunk the thesis by showing citations and bibliography, putting it into writing and presenting it.

Presentation Techniques

Studies have shown that 93% of people's opinions and impressions are formed upon the speaker's tone of voice and body language, and 7% upon the sentences used. Of the 93% rate, 55% is attributed to body language and 38% is attributed to voice tone.


Your Presentation;


Should proceed fluidly with logic,


The transition between topics should not be very noticeable, so do not jump from topic to topic,


In-depth information sharing in relation to a specific point, should be made without expanding the subject,


You should avoid apologizing, plagiarism, sentences that convey definite results, technical details, sharing and insulting other peoples work.


When preparing a presentation;


Determine the purpose of the presentation,


Plan the presentation,


Check the location you will perform your presentation in and the materials you will use,


Gain information on the attendees who will listen to your presentation,


Make your presentation more stimulating with examples.


When choosing examples, choose ones that;


Motivates the work,


Transmits the basic idea,


Visualizes the idea,


Displays the example points,


Samples showing the deficiencies should be selected.


The aim is to share information that will be remembered at the end of the presentation. In addition, there are some basic behaviors and rules that should not be forgotten during the presentation.


Make eye contact with the listeners.


Time management is important. The presentation should start on time and finish on time.


The questions asked are not asked for the purpose of testing or measuring your competency, so it is necessary to evaluate them accordingly.


The presenter should remember that they are not in an examination. They are there to share information.


Give the audience the opportunity to ask questions. You can achieve this by making the necessary arrangements in your presentation to allow time for this, or you can increase the time allocated for questions to be asked.


A successful presentation depends on a lot of practice, and for the presentation to be learnt without memorization and explained without getting stuck.

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