Sudaki Yaşam


Goal 14 is about conserving and sustainably using the oceans, seas and marine resources. Healthy oceans and seas are essential to human existence and life on Earth.

The Ocean is intrinsic to our life on earth. Covering three-quarters of the Earth’s surface, contains 97 percent of the Earth’s water, and represents 99 percent of the living space on the planet by volume.

They provide key natural resources including food, medicines, biofuels and other products; help with the breakdown and removal of waste and pollution; and their coastal ecosystems act as buffers to reduce damage from storms. They also act as the planet’s greatest carbon sink.

Worryingly, marine pollution is reaching extreme levels, with over 17 million metric tons clogging the ocean in 2021, a figure set to double or triple by 2040. Plastic is the most harmful type of ocean pollution.

Currently, the ocean’s average pH is 8.1 which is about 30 percent more acidic than in pre- industrial times. Ocean acidification threatens the survival of marine life, disrupts the food web, and undermines vital services provided by the ocean and our own food security.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. This includes increasing funding for ocean science, intensifying conservation efforts, and urgently turning the tide on climate change to safeguard the planet’s largest ecosystem. Current efforts to protect are not yet meeting the urgent need to safeguard this vast, yet fragile, resource.



Abbasi, A., Zakaly, H. M. H., & Almousa, N. (2023). Radiotoxic fission products and radiological effects in the Mediterranean Sea biota from a hypothetical accident in Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 193, Article 115166.


Galili, E., Şevketoğlu, M., Salamon, A., Zviely, D., Mienis, H. K., Rosen, B., & Moshkovitz, S. (2016). Late quaternary beach deposits and archaeological relicts on the coasts of Cyprus, and the possible implications of sea-level changes and tectonics on the early populations. Geological Society Special Publication, 411(1), 179-218.


Güven, K. C., Coban, B., & Özdemir, O. (2020). Pharmacology of marine macroalgae. In Encyclopedia of Marine Biotechnology (pp. 585-615).


Jahanger, A., Hossain, M. R., Awan, A., Sunday Adebayo, T., & Zubair Chishti, M. (2023). Linking tourist's footprint and environmental tragedy through transportation, globalization and energy choice in BIMSTEC region: Directions for a sustainable solution using novel GMM-PVAR approach. Journal of Environmental Management, 345, Article 118551.


Oluwajana, O., Ehinola, O., Ofiwe, C., Akhayere, E., Egunjobi, K., Asanbe, J., & Akinjo, O. (2019). Microfacies Analysis and Geochemical Evaluation of Campanian-Maastrichtian Limestone Along the Benin Flank, Southwestern Nigeria. In Advances in Science, Technology and Innovation (pp. 85-87).


Oluwajana, O. A., Opatola, A. O., Adamolekun, O. J., Ndukwe, O. S., Olawuyi, G. T., Ofiwe, C. U., Bolaji, T. A., Adebambo, B. A., & Oluwajana, O. O. (2021). Sedimentation, depositional environments, and hydrocarbon potential of the Maastrichtian-Paleocene Araromi Formation, eastern Dahomey (Benin) Basin, southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, 11(11), 3917-3934.


Sevketoglu, M., & Hanson, I. (2015). Akanthou-Arkosykos, a ninth Millenium BC coastal settlement in Cyprus. Environmental Archaeology, 20(3), 225-238.


Sulukan, E., Sari, A., Özekinci, M. C., Özkan, D., & Uyar, T. S. (2022). Hydrogen Utilization in Ships in Line with EU Green Deal Goals. In Lecture Notes in Energy (Vol. 87, pp. 699-721).


Takci, H. A. M., Karavilan, R., Turkmen, F. U., Ozdenefe, M. S., Kayis, F. B. U., Ozyapici, A. A., & Guler, K. C. (2019). Biochemical characterization of the crude chitin deacetylase supernatant from bacilli's cereus. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 28(9), 6661-6667.…